Anglais a0321

Competency 3: Writes and produces texts

​​​​​​​​​​​​Students must construct a well-organized and well-structured 225-word opinion piece. It must be convincing and interesting to read. To achieve this result, a student must take many things into consideration: Why is s/he writing the piece? Who is s/he writing for? What components are needed to write a good opinion piece? ​

Content

The preparation booklet is not allowed during the writing of this evaluation. This means that arguments come from the student's own knowledge.

​​
Evaluation of the content is not based on reinvesment of ideas from the booklet. It is rather based on the student's reasoning. Consider the following when writing an opinion piece for the Ministerial exam:

  • Context, instructions and guidelines found in the writing booklet;
  • Purpose and audience.​
​On the morning of the written evaluation, be sure to read the instructions and guidelines found in the writing booklet.

An opinion piece must:
  • ​Answer the question given in the writing booklet;
  • Present an informed opinion to convince the audience (purpose);
  • Take the audience into consideration;
  • Be logical and well structured.
​The purpose is why the student is writing the piece. The general purpose of an opinion piece is to convince.
​​​The audience is who the student is writing for. A writer needs to consider these people, their interests and level of knowledge of the topic. Information would be presented differently depending on if the audience was 6 or 30 years old.

Structure

The introduction:​

  • Has to be captivating (hook the readers);
  • Includes the position statement. This is the opinion the student presents. It must be clear and strong;
  • Limits the use of "I";
  • Avoids "In this text I will talk about...".
​The student's opinion/position as to be clear and firm.
  • ​It is interesting and engaging to read. It must hook the reader into wanting to read the text in its entirety.
​Ways to make an introduction interesting include asking a question, telling an anecdote, and writing a description.

The body:


Must be convincing. This can be achieved by doing the following:
  • Presenting logical and well-constructed arguments.

​Be sure that the arguments are well explained and well supported. The student may want to address counter arguments as a way to support some ideas.​
  • Only use information that may be interesting and connected to the position mentioned in the introduction. If the information is interesting but has no link to the position statement, do not include it in the article.
  • Structuring the text in a logical way so it flows smoothly from one paragraph to the next. ​
  • Use transition words and phrases, or use ideas that are connected to one another to make your text structured and logical.​
- Moreover, first, also, as a result, therefore, furthermore, second, third, consequently, even more, in addition, such as, in conclusion, for instance, finally, in short, on the contrary, however, for example, but, on the other hand, because,...

The conclusion:


Must leave a lasting impression.
​This may be done by opening the discussion to a wider context, by including a strong statement, by asking a pertinent question or ending with a recommendation or a warning.
Les vidéos
Les exercices
Les références