What is the difference between an artisanal production and an industrial production?
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Explanation from Alloprof
This Explanation was submitted by a member of the Alloprof team.
Artisanal production was a mode of production used before the Industrial Revolution of 1780. A craftsman made an object by hand using tools and animal power. Therefore, production was slow and limited.
With the Industrial Revolution and the invention of the steam engine, workers could produce more products and at a lower cost for the employers. Mechanization makes it possible to automate certain tasks, to accomplish tasks more quickly, and to perform tasks that would have been difficult to accomplish with simple human or animal power. In addition, in industrial factories, assembly-line work (division of labor) is implemented. Thus, the task is divided into several small repetitive tasks, making workers more productive.
To learn more, I invite you to read our fact sheet on the economic and social consequences of the industrial revolution.
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