What is the Durham Report?
Explanation from Alloprof
This Explanation was submitted by a member of the Alloprof team.
Following the Patriots' rebellions of 1837-1838, a man was sent to North America by the British Crown: Lord Durham. He was tasked with administering the colony and investigating Upper and Lower Canada in order to understand what led to the rebellions.
He filed his report in London in January 1839. He mentioned several problems such as:
-The corruption within the administration of the two colonies;
- The groups favored by the government occupy too much space;
-A racial crisis is raging between the French-speaking and English-speaking populations.
In his report, Lord Durham also gives possible solutions to the problems identified:
-The establishment of ministerial responsibility;
-The assimilation of French Canadians through British immigration;
-A political union of Upper and Lower Canada to facilitate the assimilation of the french Canadians.
These last two solutions were controversial since they greatly displeased French Canadians. This report greatly influenced the structure of the Act of Union of 1840.
Let us know if we can help you with anything else!