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Secondary III • 2yr.


What are the consequences of the Constitutional Act of 1791?

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Explanations (1)

  • Explanation from Alloprof

    Explanation from Alloprof

    This Explanation was submitted by a member of the Alloprof team.

    Team Alloprof • 2yr.


    With the Constitutional Act of 1791, the Province of Quebec is divided into 2 new colonies: Upper Canada (mostly English-speaking) and Lower Canada (mostly French-speaking). A House of Assembly is set up in each of these two new colonies and the population is called upon to vote for the deputies of their respective House of Assembly. These deputies will vote laws and budgets to administer the affairs of the colony in matters of justice, education, culture, administration and agriculture. However, the governor of the colonies has the power of veto which allows him to refuse any bill that comes from a House of Assembly. We are also witnessing the birth of the first political parties (the Canadian Party and the British Party) in Lower Canada. This is called parliamentarism.

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