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Secondary III • 1yr.


I would like someone to explain to me why there was the Constitutional Act please!


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Explanations (1)

  • Explanation from Alloprof

    Explanation from Alloprof

    This Explanation was submitted by a member of the Alloprof team.

    Team Alloprof • 1yr.


    Since the Conquest of 1760, the Province of Quebec has been under British control. However, the population of the colony is predominantly made up of Francophones. From 1775, and even more from 1783, there were more and more English-speaking immigrants in the Province of Quebec due to the massive arrival of the Loyalists who left the United States after the American Revolutionary War.

    British Loyalists and Merchants, accustomed to democracy, demanded the establishment of a House of Assembly in the Province of Quebec, as well as the creation of a territory subject to English laws. With the Quebec Act of 1774, the Province of Quebec was not subject to English civil laws.

    The Constitutional Act was created in 1791 to respond to the demands of French and English speakers in the Province of Quebec. It separated the Province into two new colonies: Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Each colony thus obtains its own House of Assembly. In Upper Canada, mainly English-speaking, the English justice system is applied and the land is divided into townships. In Lower Canada, mainly French-speaking, retains its rights acquired with the Quebec Act of 1774.

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