I was wondering, what caused the Quebec Act?
Explanation from Alloprof
This Explanation was submitted by a member of the Alloprof team.
I will first of all situate the Quebec Act in time:
Until 1760: New France (French regime)
760-1763: British military regime (we are waiting for the end of the war in Europe)
1763 : Royal Proclamation (British regime)
1774: Quebec Act
Based on the chronology, we can understand that the change of regime (French to British) is one of the events that led to the Quebec Act.
Indeed, with the change of regime came the Royal Proclamation, a failed attempt to assimilate Francophones.
At the same time, there is a lot of agitation in the Thirteen Colonies. They would like the Province of Quebec to join them in a possible revolution. The governor at the time, Guy Carleton, wanted just the opposite. This is why he convinced King George III to adopt a new constitution that would benefit Canadians much more.
In short, we can summarize the causes of the Quebec Act as follows:
The change of regime, leading to the Royal Proclamation and a policy of assimilation destined to fail.
The agitation in the Thirteen colonies.
Their strategy to retain Canadians worked: the Quebec Act was generally very well received.