Were the social movements in France and the United States in the 1960s for the same reasons?
Explanation from Alloprof
This Explanation was submitted by a member of the Alloprof team.
Social movements in the United States were mostly for the promotion of civil rights. Actors and several important people such as Malcolm X, Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks were fighting for the recognition of black rights. At that time, black communities experienced racial segregation. They were socially excluded and treated differently from the rest of society. Thousands of people came together to denounce the injustices against these communities and to demand respect of their civil rights.
In France, social movements were mainly students and workers movements. The students demanded that the educational institutions and the government were modernized. They wanted changes in order to have better living conditions. Student rallies were sometimes violent, which required police intervention in order to control them. The workers, for their part, denounced the bad working conditions and the bad relations with their employers. The workers refused to work. There were nearly 7 million workers who went on strike, which affected the economic activities of France at that time. Therefore, it was a political, social and cultural crisis that marked France in the 1960s.
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