what is civil society?
Thank you !
Explanation from Alloprof
This Explanation was submitted by a member of the Alloprof team.
According to the Office québécois de la langue française, civil society is defined as follows: "All non-profit movements and associations, independent of the State, whose goal is to transform, through concerted efforts, policies, norms or social structures, nationally or internationally. For example, neighborhood associations, unions, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), media and religious groups are part of civil society.
"Thus,civil society consists of groups of citizens excluded from power who claim political change with, among other things, protests. For example, in 2012, more than 300,000 students got together and demonstrated by going on strike for 7 months in order to demand better access to higher education and to oppose the increase in tuition fees announced by the Prime Minister at the time. The conflict finally ended with the coming to power of Pauline Marois and her party who promised to cancel this tuition hike.
In addition, in order to better hear the demands of civil society and avoid demonstrations, the government is organizing public consultations in which citizens are invited to come and give their opinion on various subjects in order to inform the choices of the government in place. These public consultations can take different forms such as referendums or advisory committees.
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